Low Carbon Fuel Standards
California Low Carbon Fuel Standard
Requires a 10% reduction in transportation fuel carbon intensity by 2020. Fuel providers must meet reduction targets by selling more low-carbon fuels, reducing carbon intensity of fossil fuels, or purchasing credits from producers who supply low carbon fuels. California’s LCFS is currently one of the most advanced programs in the world.
Midwest Low Carbon Policy
Midwestern Governors Association advisory group on low carbon fuel policy issued a 2010 report recommending a regional approach as a next best alternative to a comprehensive federal policy. The report recommended a 10 % reduction in 10 years. No midwest state has adopted a LCFS in response.
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic Clean Fuels Standard
Governors of CT, DE, ME, MD, MA, NH, NJ, NY, PN, RI, and VT signed a 2009 memorandum of understanding committing to develop a regional low carbon fuel standard. All states have adopted laws to achieve 80% reduction from 1990 levels of GHG emissions. A regional LCFS has not adopted. Efforts continue with policy support from Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management.
Oregon Clean Fuels Program
Adopted in 2009 with a goal of 10% reduction in 10 years. The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality engaged in rule making through 2012. The Oregon Legislature failed to reauthorize the program in 2013. The Oregon Legislature authorized a full implementation of the CFP in 2015.
Washington Low Carbon Fuel Standard
The Washington Department of Ecology studied the LCFS between 2009–2011 and subsequently released a report suggesting carbon reductions beginning in 2014. No policy has been adopted by the state.
British Columbia Renewable & Low Carbon Fuel Requirements Regulation
The RLCFRR is a regulatory framework supporting BC’s goal of 33% GHG reduction by 2020. Under the Renewable Fuel Requirement gasoline and diesel must have at least 5% renewable content. A 10% reduction in fuel carbon intensity by 2020 is mandated by the Low Carbon Fuel Requirement.
European Union Fuel Quality Directive
Article 7a was added to the European Union’s Fuel Quality Directive in 2009 to require fuel suppliers to reduce carbon intensity by 6% for transportation fuels supplied to the EU. The Directive is integrated with the EU’s Renewable Energy Energy Directive. Both policies obligate Member States to enforce targets.